Luftschloss – Paraglider Sleeping System

The Luftschloss (ger. “castle in the air”) is a self-made, three-in-one piece of my Vol-Biv gear. It serves as

  • shelter,
  • sleeping-bag and
  • glider compression bag.

In bivvy-trips with the paraglider you are spending more time on the ground than you’d think. Therefore, the weight of your equipment when in the back-pack is at least as important as the performance of your glider. A go-to weight-optimization factor of bivvy-pilots is to replace the sleeping bag and wrap up in your wing. Naturally, in a multi-day adventure you also come across rain, wind and severe weather – a reliable shelter is mandatory as well.

There are only a handful vol-biv pilots world-wide. Not surprising there is not a lot of gear made for vol-biv use. In fact afaik there is none, besides light wings and harnesses with larger storage space. To reduce weight and get rid of a few other personally-annoying aspects of my current gear, I decided to solve a few problems at once by reviving grandma’s Gritzner GG sewing machine.


By my experience, sleeping in the wing is comfortably warm down to around 0°C. The annoying thing though is that you need to unpack and re-pack your glider often. Always in the morning, when the grass is wet… Also the lines get tangled and knots occur, resulting in a swearing-session on next launch, when you need to spend ages sorting and checking the lines.

First test-night on a mountain mid April. Around 0°C, 40km/h wind. No rain.

Another thing which annoyed me personally in past trips was a few aspects with my tent (a Nordisk Telemark 2 LW ). Due to the large footprint and its non-freestanding nature, it is sometimes challenging to pitch in rocky, high-alpine terrain. You have to improvise and wrap guylines around rocks or boulders, because its hard or impossible to get the pegs into the rocky ground. Also, nights in the mountains tend to be quite windy. A normal tent is often flapping like crazy, which doesn’t really help to get a good night’s sleep. Yes, it’s more spacious than Luftschloss, but the advantages end when the wind is hauling and the tent keeps slapping you in the face all night. Although my tent is tested to withstand winds of up to 17.5m/s (63km/h), I often wondered in much calmer air whether it’s going to take off soon with me inside or simply collapse. This is not exactly a situation inspiring a good night’s sleep.


  • Built to withstand severe weather
    • Alpine thunderstorms
    • Foehn-Storm (> 100kmh winds)
    • Rain from all sides
  • Pitching
    • small footprint, stealthy
    • trivial and fast to pitch in high-alpine terrain
    • can be pitched in rain without getting wet on the inside.
  • Wing and harness do not get wet in rain or morning dew
  • Fast to pack
  • Mosquito-proof
  • Comfy and confidence-inspiring

Technical data

typebivvy-tent / shelter
seamssealed (Seam Grip + FC)
polesNSL featherlite8.05mm, pre-bent
weight1071 g
comfort temperature0 … 10 °C3.5 seasons
wind> 100 km/h … hopefully.
materialRipstop PU2.5 layer laminate
gas-permeability 15.000 g / m² / 24h
water column 10.000mm20.000 mm

Features and Details

The Luftschloss is built for adventures in the air and functions by exploiting a rather useful and often neglected property of air – insulation. A paraglider is essentially a piece of cloth forming many cells (82 for my Skywalk X-Alps 3). If you allow the glider to breathe and don’t compress it, those cells fill with air and provide a great insulation layer, especially when stacked by folding the glider loosely.

The wing is stored in a separate wing-chamber. The person lies on the sleeping pad installed between wing-chamber and Luftschloss-floor. This forms a sleeping system with the same properties as the combination of a quilt-like sleeping-bag with a sleeping-pad.

The wing acts as an insulation layer and the Luftschloss puts it into structure, also hosting a sleeping-pad (Inflatable Therm-a-rest sleeping pad). This forms a comfy and warm sleeping system – just as a normal quilt-like sleeping-pad and a mattress would. The harness can act as a pillow. A zipper between wing-chamber and the inner part of the tent allows to pass through the main lines of the glider. This way the harness stays connected to the wing at all times.

Left: Typical post-flight situation, Luftschloss wing-chamber opened. Right: The wing is loosely packed into the chamber. The harness stays connected.

As many pilots, I prefer my wing staying clipped to the harness at all times. This reduces the risk of entangled lines and risers and allows safer take-offs in tricky terrain or high-wind situations. It is rather normal in bivvy-flying to not get a chance for thorough pre-flight checks and launches are often tricky, rocky and vegetations or wind makes laying out the glider simply impossible.
Packing the glider in Luftschloss is simple. Open the zippers of the wing-chamber and loosely pack the wing in several layers. Then pass the harness from the wing-chamber to the interior of the tent and zip-up.

To use the harness as a pillow (or simply store it safe and dry), a zipper connects the wing-chamber with the tent’s interior. When packing, open the zipper, pass through the harness (left, viewed from the outside) and then close up the zipper (right, viewed from inside).
The harnes and wing fully packed in the Luftschloss. The wing and harness are stored away completely waterproof. The whole system can be packed and compressed without anything inside getting wet.
Pitching is done in 30s. Insert the two poles into the sleeves and fix them in the eyelets. Done.

Those who already experienced an alpine thunderstorm know that in these conditions rain comes from all sides and wind-speeds of 100kmh and more are possible. In such situations, you want a reliable shelter for you and your gear. The Luftschloss offers relatively generous head-space, which enables to also put all gear inside the shelter.

Plenty of storage space at the headroom to keep your gear safe and dry. Here you see the harness, helmet, cooker and pot, shoes etc. In the back, the red wing-chamber and installed sleeping-pad.

Another important aspect of the Luftschloss is good ventilation to avoid moisture and damp nights. For dry nights, the front door has a mosquito-net and on top of the wing-chamber the Luftschloss can be opened up as well for better ventilation. Of course, also mosquito-net there to keep the bugs out.

Backside vestibule for improved ventilation. And a better view on the combination of wing-chamber (red) and sleeping pad. The wing’s main-lines passing through at the side.
The front door can either be closed with a mosquito-net (inside) or in a storm-/waterproof way. Additionally, both zippers are covered by an oversized storm-flap to protect it from weather.

It’s a completely different story in bad weather. For this, all zippers are protected with storm-flaps, which are held in place by strong snaps. Especially the front-zippers have a generous storm-flap, which can be tightened by pulling a rubber-band from the inside of the tent. This front storm-flap covers the zippers well enough to open them a bit also in severe weather to improve ventilation.

Storm-mode with pulled-down front storm-flap. The bath-tub floor (black) can be seen as well, which should keep you dry in case you wake up in the middle of a nice-looking pond in the morning, which wasn’t there the night before.
Stormflaps on the back-side are held in place with snaps. The snaps itself are also covered by the storm-flaps.

The wing and harness can remain inside Luftschloss when being carried in the backpack. Luftschloss also acts as a packsack and allows to compress the wing and harness simultanously. Luftschloss storing wing and harness, cooker and gas, helmet and sleeping pad easily fits into a 50L backpack, leaving still some space for clothes, food and other gear.

Compressing Luftschloss with the wing and harness inside is effective. All items shown here (sleeping pad, Luftschloss, wing, harness, rescue, helmet, cooker+gas, ..) fit into a 50L Backpack. There is still quite some space left.

In total, the gear shown here weighs in at 9.9kg (including a protector in the harness!). My complete packing-list can be found here.


I tested sleeping covered only by the glider quite a bit – both, in real situations during my 2018s Patchwork vol-biv trip and in simulated conditions. As surprising as this is, it is possible to spend winter-nights just on a sleeping pad and wrapped up in the glider. And no, you don’t need to wear a lot of clothes. I slept on my balcony at -5°C. Super-comfy and cuddling warm! I wore a T-Shirt and pyjamas (+ a beanie) – amazing if you ask me. So using the wing as insulation layer of the sleeping bag is easily sufficient for 3-4 seasons.

Testing Luftschloss in reference to it’s source of inspiration, the Carinthia Observer Plus. My girlfriend in the Observer used a Cumulus Quilt 450 (rated to -7°C) in combination with a SeaToSummit Sleeping pad (R-Value 4.0). She was at the brink of getting cold (mid-April, Austrian Alps, ~0°C, 30-40kmh wind).
I used the Luftschloss, which was comfortably warm. Filled with a Tandem-wing and the Therm-a-Rest Neoair X-Therm (R-Value 6.9).

Open Tests:

  • Rainy night outside
  • Thunderstorm on a mountain
  • High-wind situations